Geography of GorakhpurGorakhpur is a small historic city that is well known for its religious and cultural roots that have earned it by pilgrims and tourists alike. This city - lies to the North East of Uttar Pradesh - is often referred to as the gateway between Hinduism and Buddhism because of its strategic location with Nepal to its North, apart from its religious and cultural inferences. To the south of this city flows the deep river Rapti, gently washing the shores of this bowl-shaped city. Bounding Gorakhpur to the west is Basti and on the east lies Deori. The city itself stands at a distance of 270 kilometers from the state capital, Lucknow.
Population Of Gorakhpur
In the 2001 census, Gorakhpur had a population of 3,769,456. Of this figure, 1,923,197 were males and 1,846,259 were females. This was an increase of 22.94% in comparison to the 1991 census.
In the census of 2011, the population of Gorakhpur stood at 636,275 of which 2,277,777 were males and 2,163,118 were females. According to the census taken in this year, the density of population in Gorakhpur is 1,337 per square kilometre. The population of the Gorakhpur district is recorded to have risen by 17.81% in comparison to the previous census of 2001.
The 2011 census of Gorakhpur recorded a total of 628,442 children within the age group of 0-6 years. According to the 2011 census, there are 329,252 male and 299,190 female children in this city. The census also revealed that the percentage of male children in the age group of 0-6 years is 14.45% while their female counterparts stand at 13.83%.
Climate of Gorakhpur
The climate of Gorakhpur is a humid, subtropical climate with temperatures reaching to as high as 39.5 degrees Celsius in the month of May and as low as 9.5 degrees Celsius in the month of January. There is a dry boulder-strewn tract below the outer hills where most of the moisture is absorbed into the soil and seeps through again in the 16 kilometre-long terai.
Summer in Gorakhpur lasts between April and June. Followed by the monsoon season that stretches up to October, with average rainfall being 349.5 mm (13.76 in). Winters in Gorakhpur are the best time of the year to visit this city and the months of December through February are very pleasant with temperatures ranging at a pleasant 28 degrees Celsius.
In recent times, fluctuations in water levels due to global warming and have led to the River Rapti stand at danger of overflowing and causing floods at times.
River Rapti in Gorakhpur
The Rapti River originates in Nepal and flows through Uttar Pradesh before joining the Ghaghara River, a tributary of the river Ganges. In recent times it has become heavily polluted, primarily because of the presence of factories that use it as a drainage system for their waste water. The river is also used for bathing and for immersion of idols during religious festivities. While this river does have hydroelectric and irrigation potential, it has been the cause of widespread flooding in recent times, leading it to be nicknamed “Gorakhpur’s Sorrow”.
Geology Of Gorakhpur
The soil of Gorakhpur is river-born alluvium and is well laden with brick, kankar and salt petre. This region is known for its abundance of bricks, leading to a thriving brick industry in Gorakhpur. The general appearance of the soil ranges from yellowish brown to light sandy in colour. The region of the terai where moisture seeps through the soil is heavily cultivated.
Fact And Figures About Gorakhpur
Geographical Area: 3484 sq.km
Altitude: 84 m
Average Rainfall: 349.5 mm
Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism, Buddhism
Best Time To Visit: December to February
STD Code: 0551